Seeing how the process of dealing with corruption in Indonesia is fluctuating in the midst of the ongoing domination of political interests, one of the important points of the reform struggle is the abolition of Corruption, Collusion, and Nepotism (KKN) practices. pro-reform movement, even mass organizations that have been aggressively voicing their opinions in various ways. Basically, corruption is a real threat to democratic principles, which are expected to uphold transparency, accountability, and integrity for the sake of creating the integrity and stability of the nation.
The problem of corruption itself in Indonesia is one of the problems with various existing conflicts, because almost all aspects of life have been polluted by corruption, the firm attitude of law enforcement officers is not strong enough to prevent and overcome corruption. In fact, corruption seems to have become entrenched in this nation, besides that people are also doubtful about the seriousness of the government to eradicate corruption, which is being highlighted continuously and occurs repeatedly from day to day. Corruption in Indonesia is becoming an increasingly complicated problem also caused by the poor morality of officials in Indonesia.
Speaking of morals himself, referring to the opinion of a famous philosopher from Germany Immanuel Kant said that: “As high as the stars in the sky, morality is still high in the human chest”. Kant is one of the scientists who intensely highlights and discusses moral issues in the midst of the euphoria of exalting reason in modern times. According to Kant, the advantages and advantages of humans compared to other creatures are in their morals.
In Indonesia, the regulation of corruption is emphasized by the existence of Law Number 30 of 2002 concerning the Commission for the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Corruption, which initiates more serious steps to prevent and tackle corruption that continues to occur in Indonesia. However, on September 16, 2019, the government together with the House of Representatives (DPR) ratified the seven-point revision of Law Number 30 of 2002 related to the Corruption Eradication Commission. Revision of the KPK Law in the Legislative Body of the DPR, Senayan. At that time the revision of the KPK Law invited rejection from various groups of society, ranging from students, academics, and practitioners who considered that the revision of the KPK Law had the potential to weaken the KPK in carrying out its duties.
Some opinions state that corruption was the main factor in the economic crisis in 1997. Given the impact of damage caused by corrupt behavior and trying to eradicate it through the establishment of the KPK, as a corruption eradication institution that is given strong authority is not outside the state administration system, but is instead placed juridically in a system whose basic framework is already in the 1945 Constitution. The KPK was formed as an auxiliary state institution because of its incidental content regarding corruption in Indonesia after the New Order era.
However, with the revision of the KPK Law, it is a necessity because it is a form of legal politics. The action against the revision of the KPK Law is not merely a form of support for the KPK to become a superior institution, but is a form of support for eradicating corruption because we want to voice opinions and ensure that the rights of the people are fulfilled, here the role of the KPK is very important, because The Corruption Eradication Commission is an instrument that was deliberately formed which has a clear purpose to prevent and eradicate all kinds of corruption efforts and cases. , instead of limiting and weakening existing instruments. Corruption is a crime by allowing corruption to run rampant tantamount to allowing disorientation to the goals and principles of the state.
In fact, around 97 institutions from various countries that are members of the UNCAC Coalition expressed concern about the revision of the KPK Law, according to them, the point is that it can seriously threaten and endanger the independence of anti-corruption institutions and effectively undermine steps to prevent and investigate an act of corruption.
Discussing sociologically the level of trust of the Indonesian people towards the legal system is already at the level of “bad trust society”, which is a level of trust that is at a very bad level. This is very natural to happen, when it is clear that the government and apparatus are not serious about law enforcement. If left unchecked, it has the potential to cause out-of-control actions or what is commonly known as vigilantism (eigenrichting), even this has happened in student demonstrations related to the KPK Law.
In the perspective of social psychology, such a thing is a form of the hostile outburst that leads to social unrest, it does not stop there, another fatal impact caused by the Ratification of the Revision of the KPK Law is on international investment. The revision of the KPK Law is considered disturbing the investment climate in the country, why? This is because if foreign investors see and realize that the government is not serious in fighting corruption in its own country, it will make foreign investors uncomfortable and hesitant to invest in Indonesia, this is clearly an obstacle in creating a positive investment climate. In fact, it is well realized that the government is eager to bring in foreign investment to spur economic growth in the country. However, if in fact the revision of the KPK Law actually fosters corrupt practices, this will definitely affect investors in investing in the future, because an investor will also see and assess the condition of law enforcement in a country where investment will be made.
The conclusion that can be drawn is that the eradication of corruption through the revision of the KPK Law has resulted in many rejections because the revision of the KPK Law is closely related to politics. Various points of revision proved not to strengthen, but to weaken the kpk’s own instrument. Whereas corruption has become something that is very damaging to the life of the nation and state, even since the beginning of independence until this moment. This is also closely related to the implications of this crime which is not only legal and economic, but also social, cultural, political, and has clearly violated human rights. Then it is very natural when corruption is categorized as an extraordinary crime (extra ordinary crime). Talking about legal reform is also not an easy thing, even various researches and experts do not pretend to provide the most correct solution so far.
This opinion article was written by Maharani Prima. This article is the author’s personal opinion and does not represent the views of the editors of Yuris Muda Indonesia.