Table of Contents
Understanding Legal Studies
According to Satjipto Rahardjo Legal science is a science that seeks to examine the law. Legal science covers and discusses all matters related to law. Legal science is the object of law itself. Such is the breadth of the problems covered by this science, that it has provoked the opinion of people to say that “its boundaries cannot be determined” (Curzon, 1979:v). Furthermore, according to J.B. Daliyo Legal science is a science whose object is law. Thus, legal science will study all the ins and outs of law, for example regarding the origin, form, principles, systems, types of distribution, sources, development, function and legal position in society. Legal science as a science that has a legal object examines the law as a symptom or phenomenon of human life anywhere in the world from any time. A person who wants to know the law in depth really needs to study the law from birth, grow and develop from time to time so that the history of law plays a big role in this matter. According to the Legal Library Dictionary, legal science in law libraries is known as ‘Jurisprudence’ which comes from the word ‘Jus’, ‘Juris’ which means law or rights, and the word ‘Prudence’ which means looking ahead or having expertise, and the general meaning of Jurisprudence is a science that studies the science of law.
Introduction to Legal Studies (PIH) is often called the “Encyclopaedia of Law”, which is a basic course which is an introduction or inleiding in studying law. It can also be said that the PIH is the basis for further lessons in legal studies that study basic notions, basic descriptions of the main joints of legal science.
Positive Law, Law that applies in a particular country at the present time. Introduction to Legal Studies intends to provide the first introduction to legal science in general by introducing the notion of law. For example, what is meant by legal events, legal objects, legal subjects, and so on.
The Role and Function of Introduction to Legal Studies
- Introducing all legal issues.
- Introducing the science of law, namely knowledge that studies all the intricacies of the law in all its forms and manifestations.
- Trying to explain about the circumstances, essence, intent and purpose of the important parts of the law and the relationship between these various parts with legal science.
- It is the basis for the study of law, without studying the science of law thoroughly, one will not get a good understanding of various branches of law.
- Qualifying subjects, introduction, opening to the science of law at the preparatory level.
Branches of Legal Studies
According to J. Van Apeldoorn
Argued that part of the science of law consists of the sociology of law, legal history, and comparative law.
According to J. B. H Bolleprond
Legal science consists of: legal doctrine, legal history, comparative law, legal politics, and general legal science teachings.
According to Unoedhock
He argues that the science of law consists of: positive law, sociology of law, comparative law, and docmatic law.
According to Immanuel Kant
History of Legal Understanding, 200 years ago Immanuel Kant and his jurists are still looking for legal understanding until now in terms of its perfection. “Noch suchen die jueshen und definden zu ihren berichte van richt”.
Understanding Law According to Experts
It is a set of rules (prenta-prenta or prohibitions) that manage order in society and are obeyed by that society.
Is a collection of regulations consisting of norms and sanctions and the purpose of law is to justify order in human life, so that order is achieved.
M.H Tirtaanidjaya, S.H
Are all the rules (norms) that must be obeyed in the rules of behavior, actions in social life with the threat of having to pay losses if they violate these rules.
Prof. J. Van Kant
It is the entire coercive provisions of life that are used to protect the interests of people in society.