Understanding Good Governance
Good Governance is an implementation of solid and responsible development management that is in line with the principles of democracy and an efficient market, avoiding misallocation of investment funds and preventing corruption both politically and administratively, carrying out budgetary discipline and creating legal and political frameworks for the growth of business activities.
Good Governance Principles
The main key to understanding good governance is an understanding of the principles in it. Starting from these principles, a benchmark for the performance of a government will be obtained. The principles of Good Governance include:
- Community Participation (Participation)
All citizens have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through legitimate representative institutions that represent their interests. Such comprehensive participation is built on freedom of assembly and expression, as well as the capacity to participate constructively. Participation aims to ensure that every policy taken reflects the aspirations of the community.
- The Upholding of the Rule of Law
Public participation in the political process and the formulation of public policies requires legal systems and rules. In this regard, in the process of realizing the ideals of good governance, it must be balanced with a commitment to uphold the rule of law with the following characteristics: The supremacy of law (the supremacy of law), legal certainty (legal certainty), responsive law, enforcement consistent and non-discriminatory law, judicial independence.
Transparency is openness to all actions and policies taken by the government. The principle of transparency creates mutual trust between the government and the public through the provision of information and ensures easy access to accurate and adequate information.
- Care for Stakeholders/Business World
Institutions and all government processes should seek to serve all interested parties. The implementation of good governance correctly and consistently for the business world is a manifestation of the implementation of business ethics that should be owned by every corporate institution in the world.
- Consensus Oriented (Consensus)
Stating that any decision must be made through a process of deliberation through consensus. The decision-making model, apart from being able to satisfy all parties or most parties, will also become a binding decision and belong together, so that it will have coercive power for all components involved to implement the decision. The more people involved in the participatory decision-making process, the more the aspirations and needs of the community will be represented.
Equality is equality in treatment and service. All citizens have the opportunity to improve or maintain their welfare. The principle of equality creates mutual trust between the government and the public through the provision of information and ensures the ease of obtaining accurate and adequate information.
- Effectiveness and Efficiency
To support the principles mentioned above, good and clean governance must also meet the criteria of being effective and efficient, namely being efficient and effective. Effective criteria are usually measured by product parameters that can reach the maximum interest of the community from various groups and social strata.
Accountability is the responsibility of public officials to the people who give them the authority to take care of their interests. Decision makers in government, the private sector and civil society organizations are accountable to both the community and the institutions concerned. The forms of accountability differ from one another depending on the type of organization concerned.